Node: Invoking Automake, Next: , Previous: Examples, Up: Top

Creating a

To create all the Makefile.ins for a package, run the automake program in the top level directory, with no arguments. automake will automatically find each appropriate (by scanning; see configure) and generate the corresponding Note that automake has a rather simplistic view of what constitutes a package; it assumes that a package has only one, at the top. If your package has multiple configure.ins, then you must run automake in each directory holding a (Alternatively, you may rely on Autoconf's autoreconf, which is able to recurse your package tree and run automake where appropriate.)

You can optionally give automake an argument; .am is appended to the argument and the result is used as the name of the input file. This feature is generally only used to automatically rebuild an out-of-date Note that automake must always be run from the topmost directory of a project, even if being used to regenerate the in some subdirectory. This is necessary because automake must scan, and because automake uses the knowledge that a is in a subdirectory to change its behavior in some cases.

Automake will run autoconf to scan and its dependencies (aclocal.m4), therefore autoconf must be in your PATH. If there is an AUTOCONF variable in your environment it will be used instead of autoconf, this allows you to select a particular version of Autoconf. By the way, don't misunderstand this paragraph: Automake runs autoconf to scan your, this won't build configure and you still have to run autoconf yourself for this purpose.

automake accepts the following options:

Automake requires certain common files to exist in certain situations; for instance config.guess is required if runs AC_CANONICAL_HOST. Automake is distributed with several of these files (see Auxiliary Programs); this option will cause the missing ones to be automatically added to the package, whenever possible. In general if Automake tells you a file is missing, try using this option. By default Automake tries to make a symbolic link pointing to its own copy of the missing file; this can be changed with --copy.

Many of the potentially-missing files are common scripts whose location may be specified via the AC_CONFIG_AUX_DIR macro. Therefore, AC_CONFIG_AUX_DIR's setting affects whether a file is considered missing, and where the missing file is added (see Optional).

Look for Automake data files in directory dir instead of in the installation directory. This is typically used for debugging.
When used with --add-missing, causes installed files to be copied. The default is to make a symbolic link.
Causes the generated Makefile.ins to follow Cygnus rules, instead of GNU or Gnits rules. For more information, see Cygnus.
When used with --add-missing, causes standard files to be reinstalled even if they already exist in the source tree. This involves removing the file from the source tree before creating the new symlink (or, with --copy, copying the new file).
Set the global strictness to foreign. For more information, see Strictness.
Set the global strictness to gnits. For more information, see Gnits.
Set the global strictness to gnu. For more information, see Gnits. This is the default strictness.
Print a summary of the command line options and exit.
This disables the dependency tracking feature in generated Makefiles; see Dependencies.
This enables the dependency tracking feature. This feature is enabled by default. This option is provided for historical reasons only and probably should not be used.
Ordinarily automake creates all Makefile.ins mentioned in This option causes it to only update those Makefile.ins which are out of date with respect to one of their dependents.

Due to a bug in its implementation, this option is currently ignored. It will be fixed in Automake 1.8.

-o dir
Put the generated in the directory dir. Ordinarily each is created in the directory of the corresponding This option is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.
Cause Automake to print information about which files are being read or created.
Print the version number of Automake and exit.

Output warnings falling in category. category can be one of:
warnings related to the GNU Coding Standards (see Top).
obsolete features or constructions
portability issues (e.g., use of Make features which are known not portable)
weird syntax, unused variables, typos
unsupported or incomplete features
all the warnings
turn off all the warnings
treat warnings as errors

A category can be turned off by prefixing its name with no-. For instance -Wno-syntax will hide the warnings about unused variables.

The categories output by default are syntax and unsupported. Additionally, gnu is enabled in --gnu and --gnits strictness.

portability warnings are currently disabled by default, but they will be enabled in --gnu and --gnits strictness in a future release.

The environment variable WARNINGS can contain a comma separated list of categories to enable. It will be taken into account before the command-line switches, this way -Wnone will also ignore any warning category enabled by WARNINGS. This variable is also used by other tools like autoconf; unknown categories are ignored for this reason.