Finishing Document Production Instruction

The Finishing Document Production Instruction specifies an interface to a comprehensive and extensible set of finishing processes. The following presentation parameters are affected by the Finishing Document Production Instruction as shown in . NameAffects finishing-processesdefines a list of Finishing Processes to be applied reference-sizeaffects Finishing Processes based on document size reference-edgesheet alignment and location and orientation of Process Axis jog-edgesheet alignment process-offsetdistance of Process Axis from Reference Edge head-locationslocation of heads on Process Axis

Finishing Model

The term finishing refers to the final document production processes applied to a document subsequent to its imaging and prior to its delivery. Finishing processes are normally applied to documents which are presented on one or more instances of rectangular sheet media such as paper. The following definitions refer to the instances of media on which the document has been presented as "sheets", and assume that all of the presentation surfaces used for document presentation are on rectangular sheet media. This International Standard defines the application of finishing processes to such documents only. The application of finishing processes to documents which have been presented on other media is system dependent.

Finishing is applied by a collection of processes which are commonly provided by a traditional print shop bindery. Each of these processes is referred to as a Finishing Process. This International Standard provides a Finishing Document Production Instruction identifies Finishing Processes to be applied.

A Finishing Process is typically applied to a document by a machine. Examples of Finishing Processes include process such as trimming a document, folding the sheets in a document, and applying binding to a document. Conceptually, Finishing Processes are applied to document one at a time in a specified sequence. In this International Standard, each Finishing Process and all of the parameters required to specify its application are collected into a structure element which is referred to as a Finishing Specification.

Multiple Finishing Processes may be specified by multiple Finishing Specifications. Finishing Specifications are serialized in the value of the Finishing Document Production Instruction according to their intended sequence of application. This sequencing is significant. For example, the effect of first folding the sheets in a document and then trimming will yield a different result than trimming the sheets and then folding them.

A Finishing Process is applied to a document by one or more physical mechanisms. For example, a Finishing Process which applies a corner staple may use only one physical mechanism for stapling, whereas a Finishing Process which applies a three-hole punch may use three physical mechanisms. Each physical mechanism used in the application of Finishing Process is referred to as a head.

In some machines which apply a Finishing Process, head positioning is fixed, whereas with more capable machines head positions can be moved subject only to certain machine-specific physical constraints. However, even in the case of more capable machines, heads can usually be positioned only in a line relative to each other. This physical constraint on head positioning means that heads cannot be positioned arbitrarily. The specification of the Finishing Document Production Instruction in this International Standard constrains the ability to specify head positions in a manner which is consistent with most physical systems. The finishing process presentation parameters are shown in . Finishing Process Presentation Parameters

Heads are positioned along a Process Axis, which is an imaginary on-center line which transects each head. The exact location at which the line transects a given head is formally unspecified since it is specific to the Finishing Process. However, the position at which the Process Axis transects each of the heads associated with the Finishing Process is consistent across each of the head mechanisms.

The Process Axis is used as a reference for positioning heads associated with a Finishing Process. This makes explicit the constraint that for any single Finishing Process head positioning must be along a single Process Axis.

While head motion perpendicular to the Process Axis is constrained, linear motion along the Process Axis is not formally constrained. The only constraint on linear motion of heads along the Process Axis is subject to the physical capabilities of the machine.

The edge of the document relative to which the Finishing Process is applied is referred to as the Reference Edge. Since bindery systems can typically reposition a document to any edge, it would not be sufficient to constrain the Reference Edge to a static edge of the document. The Reference Edge can be any edge of the document. Documents are therefore repositioned implicitly through changing the Reference Edge associated with a given Finishing Process. This International Standard provides an explicit presentation parameter of the Finishing Document Production Instruction, the reference-edge presentation parameter, in order to enable this flexible positioning.

When a document consists of multiple sheets of different sizes, it is necessary to specify the relative locations of the sheets for finishing. This is accomplished by one convention and one additional parameter.

The convention is that for Finishing Processes all of the sheets are aligned so that the edges of the sheets which correspond to the Reference Edge coincide. For example, if the Reference Edge is the left edge, all of the sheets will be aligned so that the y-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate Systems (of the obverse side of the sheet if printing on two sides of the medium) coincides.

The additional parameter is the jog-edge presentation parameter. The value of the jog-edge presentation parameter is one of the two edges which is perpendicular to the Reference Edge. When the jog-edge presentation parameter is specified, all of the sheets are aligned so that the edges of the sheets which correspond to the the value of the jog-edge presentation parameter coincide.

The parameters required for a Finishing Process may be specified by either an explicit set of values or by a Public Object Identifier which identifies a set of parameters. There are no Public Object Identifier values defined by this International Standard which identify sets of Finishing Process presentation parameters.

Finishing Process Presentation Parameters

Each Finishing Process has associated with it several presentation parameters. The values of these presentation parameters may be specified by the FINISHING SPECIFICATION structure element which specifies the Finishing Process, inherited from previous Finishing Processes, or default values specific to the Finishing Process.

Inherited Finishing Process Presentation Parameters

There are three presentation parameters whose values may be inherited from one Finishing Process to another. These are:

The values of these presentation parameters which apply to a particular Finishing Process are determined as follows:

  1. At the beginning of the Finishing Document Production Instruction, the presentation parameters which may be inherited are initialized to their default values. The set of default presentation parameters is the set of presentation parameters prior to the processing of the first FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION.
  2. Each FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION may specify a value for one or more of these presentation parameters. The set of presentation parameters which apply to a particular Finishing Process is the set of presentation parameters prior to the processing of the FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION which specifies that Finishing Process modified by any presentation parameter specifications in the FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION.
  3. The execution of the Finishing Process itself may change the value of one or more of the presentation parameters. The set of presentation parameters at the end of the Finishing Process is the set of presentation parameters which was applicable to the Finishing Process modified by any changes which result from the Finishing Process itself.
  4. The set of presentation parameters at the end of a Finishing Process is the set of presentation parameters prior to the processing of the next FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION (if any).

Other Finishing Process Parameters

Two other presentation parameters are set independently for each Finishing Process. These process parameters are:

There are no default values for these presentation parameters.

Reference Size

The value of the reference-size presentation parameter specifies the nominal medium size in millimeters for all calculations in the associated Finishing Process. The meaning of a value of (x, y) is that the Finishing Process shall be as defined for a document consisting of sheets whose size is x mm by y mm, for which the medium Reference Coordinate System is associated with a sheet in such a way that:

The value of the reference-size presentation parameter is specified by a REFERENCE SIZE structure element. A REFERENCE SIZE structure element shall be an XYDIMENSIONS structure element. The default value of the reference-size presentation parameter shall be the Medium Size of the first medium selected by the Page Select Document Production Instruction.

Reference Edge

The reference-edge presentation parameter specifies the edge of the document relative to which a Finishing Process is applied. The reference-edge presentation parameter also specifies the alignment of the sheets on which the document is presented: all sheets shall be aligned so that the edges of the sheets which correspond to the Reference Edge coincide. The resulting edge shall be referred to as the Reference Edge of the document.

The reference-edge presentation parameter is specified by a REFERENCE EDGE structure element. A REFERENCE EDGE structure element shall be an EDGE structure element. The default value of the reference-edge presentation parameter shall be left edge.

Jog Edge

The value of the jog-edge presentation parameter specifies a second edge of the document along which instances of the media are aligned. The value of the jog-edge presentation parameter shall be one of the two edges which are perpendicular to the Reference Edge. The edge which is identified by the value of the jog-edge presentation parameter is called the Jog Edge. All sheets shall be aligned so that the edges of the sheets which correspond to the Jog Edge coincide.

The the value of the jog-edge presentation parameter is specified by a JOG EDGE structure element. A JOG EDGE structure element shall be an EDGE structure element. The default value of the jog-edge presentation parameter depends on the value of the reference-edge presentation parameter:

Process Offset

The process-offset presentation parameter specifies the offset from the Reference Edge to the Process Axis in millimeters. Changes to the process-offset presentation parameter value cause all of the heads along the Process Axis to be repositioned uniformly. The value of the process-offset presentation parameter shall be a Non-Negative Number.

The process-offset presentation parameter is specified by a PROCESS OFFSET structure element. A PROCESS OFFSET structure element shall be a DIMENSION structure element.

Head Locations

The head-locations presentation parameter specifies a set of locations at which one or more heads apply a Finishing Process. Heads are on-center relative to the Process Axis, and are positioned linearly along the Process Axis as specified in the value of the head-locations finishing property.

The value of the head-locations presentation parameter shall be a sequence of Non-Negative Numbers. If the Reference Edge is either the top edge or the bottom edge, then the sequence of values x1, . . , xn shall represent offsets from the x-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate System. If the Reference Edge is either the left edge or the right edge, then the sequence of values x1, . . , xn shall represent offsets from the y-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate System.

The head-locations presentation parameter is specified by a HEAD LOCATIONS structure element.

Finishing Document Production Instruction

Finishing Document Production Instructions may specify the set of Finishing Processes as either:

Individual Finishing Processes are specified by FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION structure elements. Each FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process together with presentation parameters which apply to that Finishing Process.

Many FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION structure elements allow the specification a Finishing Process as either:

The parameters of a Parameterized Finishing Process are specified by a composite structure element. The immediate subordinates of the composite structure element depend on the Finishing Process. All of the parameters of a named Finishing Process are specified by a the Environment Identifier which identifies the Finishing Process.

FINISHING DPI

Finishing Document Production Instructions are represented by a FINISHING DPI structure element. A FINISHING DPI structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates shall occur in the above order.

FINISHING MESSAGE

A FINISHING MESSAGE structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a FINISHING MESSAGE structure element shall be of type Printable String.

A FINISHING MESSAGE shall have no effect on document presentation, but may effect printing management. Any effect of a FINISHING MESSAGE on printing management shall be system dependent. FINISHING MESSAGE structure elements may be ignored by the Presentation Process.

FINISHING SPECIFICATION

A FINISHING SPECIFICATION structure element shall be one of:

NAMED FINISHING

A NAMED FINISHING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED FINISHING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED FINISHING structure element may identify a single Finishing Process or a sequence of Finishing Processes. If the value of a NAMED FINISHING structure element identifies a single Finishing Process, such as a named stitching Finishing Process, the meaning of that value shall be that the sequence of Finishing Processes specified consists of the single Finishing Process identified by the value of the NAMED FINISHING structure element .

Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 which identify single named Finishing Processes, and the meaning of those values, are described in (informative). There are no additional Public Object Identifier values for NAMED FINISHING which are defined by this International Standard.

FINISHING SPECIFICATION LIST

A FINISHING SPECIFICATION LIST structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the following immediate subordinates:

Finishing Document Production Instruction Processing

The effect of the Finishing Document Production Instruction is to set the value of the finishing-processes parameter to the sequence of Finishing Processes specified by the sequence of FINISHING SPECIFICATIONs. The order of these Finishing Processes shall be the same as the order of the corresponding FINISHING SPECIFICATIONs.

The finishing-processes parameter specifies the sequence of Finishing Processes that shall be applied during document finishing. The finishing-processes parameter may specify a sequence of Finishing Processes. In this case, each Finishing Process shall be performed in the sequence in which it is occurs in the value of the finishing-processes parameter. The default value of the finishing-processes parameter is a null list, which specifies that no Finishing Processes are to be applied.

Finishing Document Production Instruction Reconciliation

The Finishing Document Production Instruction is meaningful only in a DOCUMENT or in Supplementary DPI. If the Finishing Document Production Instruction occurs as both Document DPI and Supplementary DPI, the Supplementary DPI shall take precedence.

Finishing Document Production Instruction Fallback

A system which cannot perform one or more of the Finishing Processes specified by FINISHING SPECIFICATIONs shall indicate failure to do so by generating a structure warning. If the value of the abort-policy parameter allows for continued processing after generation of the structure warning, the effect of the structure warning shall be system dependent.

FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION

Finishing Processes are specified by FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION structure elements. Each FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process together with presentation parameters which apply to that Finishing Process.

Many FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION structure elements allow the specification a Finishing Process as either:

The parameters of a Parameterized Finishing Process are specified by a composite structure element. The immediate subordinates of the composite structure element depend on the Finishing Process. All of the parameters of a named Finishing Process are specified by a the Environment Identifier which identifies the Finishing Process.

A FINISHING PROCESS SPECIFICATION structure element shall be one of:

STITCHING SPECIFICATION

A STITCHING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED STITCHING

A NAMED STITCHING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED STITCHING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED STITCHING structure element shall identify a stitching operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED STITCHING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute stitching. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

STITCHING PARAMETERS

A STITCHING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

STITCH TYPE

A STITCH TYPE structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a STITCH TYPE structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a STITCH TYPE structure element shall identify a type of stitching or fastening. These values include stapling as well as stitching with thread. Public Object Identifier values for STITCH TYPE are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute stitch-type. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

The default value of STITCH TYPE shall be dpi::stitching::type::default.

Stitching Finishing Process

A STITCHING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which applies one or more stitches to the document. It is a general specification for invoking application of various types of stitches, including staples and brads as well as sewn stitches. Specially positioned types of stitching such as saddle stitching can also be specified. The type of stitching can be separated into two general types:

If the STITCHING SPECIFICATION specifies a process-offset which specifies head positioning outside of the achievable range, the system shall use a default offset and a structure warning shall be generated.

BINDING SPECIFICATION

The binding operation specifies a Finishing Process which binds the document along the reference edge. The binding material is specified by the combination of the Binding Type and Binding Color finishing properties.

A BINDING SPECIFICATION shall be either

NAMED BINDING

A NAMED BINDING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED BINDING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED BINDING structure element shall identify a binding operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED BINDING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute binding. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

BINDING PARAMETERS

A BINDING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

BINDING TYPE

A BINDING TYPE structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a BINDING TYPE structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a BINDING TYPE structure element shall identify a type of binding to be applied to the document. Public Object Identifier values for BINDING TYPE are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute binding-type. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

The default value of BINDING TYPE shall be dpi::binding::type::default.

BINDING COLOR

A BINDING COLOR structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a BINDING COLOR structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a BINDING COLOR structure element shall identify the color of the binding to be applied. Public Object Identifier values for BINDING COLOR are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute binding-colour. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

The default value of BINDING COLOR shall be dpi::binding::color::default.

Binding Finishing Process

A BINDING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which binds the document along the reference edge. The binding material is specified by the combination of the Binding Type and Binding Color finishing properties.

TRIMMING SPECIFICATION

A TRIMMING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED TRIMMING

A NAMED TRIMMING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED TRIMMING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED TRIMMING structure element shall identify a method of trimming the document. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED TRIMMING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute trimming. The Object Names for which Public Object Identifier values are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 are provided in (informative).

TRIMMING PARAMETERS

A TRIMMING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

TRIM OFFSET

The TRIM OFFSET structure element shall be a DIMENSION structure element. The default value for TRIM OFFSET shall be zero.

TRIM DIMENSIONS

The TRIM DIMENSIONS structure element shall be an XYDIMENSIONS structure element. The default value for TRIM DIMENSIONS shall be the value of the reference-size presentation parameter (after processing any REFERENCE SIZE structure element which is immediately subordinate to the TRIMMING SPECIFICATION).

Trimming Finishing Process

A TRIMMING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which cuts all the edges of the set of sheets being finished except the edge specified by the value of reference-edge. The effect of trimming shall always be to trim along three edges regardless of whether the physical process is applied by a trimmer with three blades.

The Finishing Process specified by a TRIMMING SPECIFICATION for which the value of TRIM DIMENSIONS is (x, y) and the value of TRIM OFFSET is z shall be to trim the document such that the size of the document after trimming shall be x mm by y mm. The trimming operation is be applied with an offset of z mm from the Reference Edge as shown in . Trimming Finishing Process

The trimming Finishing Process changes the value of the reference-size presentation parameter to the value of TRIM DIMENSIONS. Subsequent Finishing Processes which are dependent on the value of the reference-size presentation parameter may be affected. The medium Reference Coordinate System shall be associated with the trimmed document in such a way that:

DIE CUTTING SPECIFICATION

A DIE CUTTING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED DIE CUTTING

A NAMED DIE CUTTING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED DIE CUTTING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED DIE CUTTING structure element shall identify a die cutting operation. There are no Public Object Identifier values for NAMED DIE CUTTING defined by this International Standard.

DIE CUTTING PARAMETERS

A DIE CUTTING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

DIE CUT POSITION

A DIE CUT POSITION structure element shall be an XYDIMENSIONS structure element. There is no default value for DIE CUT POSITION.

DIE CUT NAME

A DIE CUT NAME structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a DIE CUT NAME structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of DIE CUT NAME specifies the name of a die cut to be applied by the die cutting Finishing Process. There are no Public Object Identifier values for DIE CUT NAME defined by this International Standard. There is no default value for DIE CUT NAME.

Die Cut Finishing Process

A DIE CUTTING SPECIFICATION specifies a process which applies a die cut constrained to a predetermined and possibly arbitrary shape. A DIE CUT POSITION value of (x, y) specifies that the die used for die cutting is positioned at a location (x, y) in the medium Reference Coordinate System. The offset for the die cut relative to its actual shape is a property of the die cut itself. The Die Cutting Finishing Process specified such a DIE CUTTING SPECIFICATION is shown in . Die Cutting Finishing Process

PUNCHING SPECIFICATION

A PUNCHING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED PUNCHING

A NAMED PUNCHING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED PUNCHING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED PUNCHING structure element shall identify a punching operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED PUNCHING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute punching. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

PUNCHING PARAMETERS

A PUNCHING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

The default behavior shall be to position the punched holes parallel to and near the Reference Edge.

PUNCH DIAMETER

A PUNCH DIAMETER structure element shall be a DIMENSION structure element. The default value for PUNCH DIAMETER shall be system dependent.

Punching Finishing Process

The Finishing Process which is specified by a PUNCHING SPECIFICATION for which the value specified by PROCESS OFFSET is y and the value specified by HEAD LOCATIONS is x1, . . , xn, and the value specified by PUNCH DIAMETER is d, shall punch or drill n holes of diameter d mm in the document along a Process Axis which is offset y mm from the Reference Edge, at locations x1, . . , xn mm from the x-axis or y-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate System.

If the heads which apply the punching operation are positionable within only a limited process-offset range, the system shall use a default offset and a structure warning shall be generated.

If the PUNCHING SPECIFICATION specifies a process-offset which specifies head positioning outside of the achievable range, the system shall use a default offset and a structure warning shall be generated.

PERFORATING SPECIFICATION

A PERFORATING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED PERFORATION

A NAMED PERFORATION structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED PERFORATION structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED PERFORATION structure element shall identify a perforating operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED PERFORATION are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute perforation. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

PERFORATION PARAMETERS

A PERFORATION PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

PERFORATION TYPE

A PERFORATION TYPE structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a PERFORATION TYPE structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a PERFORATION TYPE structure element shall identify a type of perforation. Public Object Identifier values for PERFORATION TYPE are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute perforation-type. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

The default value of PERFORATION TYPE shall be the Public Object Identifier value which corresponds to the Object Name dpi::perforation::type::default.

Perforating Finishing Process

A PERFORATING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which applies one or more runs of perforations perpendicular to the Reference Edge. The number of perforations along a run is system dependent. The length of the run of perforations is the length of the edge perpendicular to the Reference Edge. The heads which apply perforations are positioned along the Reference Edge using the HEAD LOCATIONS value.

The Finishing Process which is specified by a PERFORATING SPECIFICATION for which the value specified by HEAD LOCATIONS is x1, . . , xn, shall apply n runs of perforations in the document perpendicular to the Process Axis at locations x1, . . , xn mm from the x-axis or y-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate System.

If the heads which apply the perforating operation are positionable within only a limited range, the system shall use default locations and a structure warning shall be generated.

SLITTING SPECIFICATION

A SLITTING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED SLITTING

A NAMED SLITTING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED SLITTING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED SLITTING structure element shall identify a slitting operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED SLITTING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute slitting. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

SLITTING PARAMETERS

A SLITTING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

Slitting Finishing Process

A SLITTING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which cuts the set of sheets being finished perpendicular to the Reference Edge in one or more places. The length of a slit is the length of the edge perpendicular to the Reference Edge. The heads which apply slitting are positioned along the Reference Edge using the head-locations values.

The Finishing Process which is specified by a SLITTING SPECIFICATION for which the value specified by HEAD LOCATIONS is x1, . . ,x n, shall cut n slits in the document perpendicular to the Process Axis at locations x1, . . ,xn mm from the x-axis or y-axis of the medium Reference Coordinate System.

If the heads which apply the slitting operation are positionable within only a limited range, the system shall use default locations and a structure warning shall be generated.

INSERT SPECIFICATION

An INSERT SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED INSERTING

A NAMED INSERTING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED INSERTING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED INSERTING structure element shall identify an inserting operation. There are no Public Object Identifier values for NAMED INSERTING defined by this International Standard.

INSERTING PARAMETERS

An INSERTING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

INSERT SHEET LIST

The INSERT SHEET LIST structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

Each INSERT SHEET structure element specifies a set of properties which identify a sheet to be inserted in the document by an inserting Finishing Process.

INSERT SHEET

An INSERT SHEET structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

These structure elements may occur in any order.

INSERT IDENTIFIER

An INSERT IDENTIFIER structure element shall be one of:

INSERT NAME

An INSERT NAME structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of an INSERT NAME structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of an INSERT NAME structure element shall identify an insert sheet to be inserted into the document. There are no Public Object Identifier values for INSERT NAME defined by this International Standard.

INSERT BIN

An INSERT BIN structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of an INSERT BIN structure element shall be of type Cardinal.

A value of INSERT BIN shall identify a bin from which the insert sheet can be obtained by the inserting Finishing Process. The mapping from Cardinal values (bin numbers) to physical bins is system dependent.

INSERT BIN should be used only locally and in conjunction with an INSERT MESSAGE or DOCUMENT START MESSAGE which specifies to the operator the insert sheet which is to be loaded into the specified insert bin.

INSERT TOP SURFACE

An INSERT TOP SURFACE structure element shall be a base structure element. The type of the value of an INSERT TOP SURFACE structure element shall be an Enumerated type which identifies the insert sheet surface which shall face in the same direction as the normal reading order of the other sheets in the associated document. The names of the values of this type and the insert top surface identified shall be as shown in . ValueMeaning topThe normal top surface of the insert sheet bottomThe normal bottom surface of the insert sheet. The default value of INSERT TOP SURFACE shall be top.

INSERT AFTER

An INSERT AFTER structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of an INSERT AFTER structure element shall be of type Cardinal.

The value of an INSERT AFTER structure element shall identify the ordinal number of the PAGE of the document after which the insert sheet should be inserted. If multiple PAGE images are placed on a single instance of the medium, the insert sheet shall be inserted after the instance of the medium on which the designated PAGE image has been printed.

INSERT MESSAGE

An INSERT MESSAGE specifies a message which may describe the insert sheet, the suggested fallback action, or provide other information. It is intended that this message be delivered to an operator prior to and as close as possible to the finishing of the document. The INSERT MESSAGE may effect printing management, but any such effect shall be system dependent. The INSERT MESSAGE may also be ignored.

An INSERT MESSAGE structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of an INSERT MESSAGE shall be of type Printable String.

Inserting Finishing Process

An INSERT SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which inserts insert sheets into a collated set of imaged PAGEs. All insert sheets must have a "normal orientation", and identifiable top, bottom, left and right edges and top and bottom surfaces. Each insert sheet is introduced into a collated set of printed sheets created by the marking device after the marking phase has completed for the physical sheet preceding the preprinted insert. Inserting mechanisms may insert sheets after all pages in the job have been marked.

A sheet insertion process uses an inserting mechanism which is generally provided with the capability to insert sheets from one or more of several input bins. Insert sheets are not identified through the Medium Document Production, and are not intended to be input to the finishing process from input bins designed for the marking engine proper.

COVERS SPECIFICATION

A COVERS SPECIFICATION shall be either;

NAMED COVERS

A NAMED COVERS structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED COVERS structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED COVERS structure element shall identify a set of covers to be applied to a document. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED COVERS are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute covers. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

COVERS PARAMETERS

A COVERS PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

FRONT COVER

A FRONT COVER structure element shall be either:

BACK COVER

A BACK COVER structure element shall be either:

COVER NAME

A COVER NAME structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a COVER NAME structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a COVER NAME structure element shall identify a cover to be added to a document. Public Object Identifier values for COVER NAME are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute cover-name. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

Covers Finishing Process

A COVERS SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process that adds a front cover, a back cover, or both to the document.

FOLDING SPECIFICATION

A FOLDING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

NAMED FOLDING

A NAMED FOLDING structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED FOLDING structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

The value of a NAMED FOLDING structure element shall identify a folding operation. Public Object Identifier values for NAMED FOLDING are defined by ISO/IEC 10175 as standard values for the attribute folding. The Public Object Identifier values defined by ISO/IEC 10175 and the meaning of those values are described in (informative).

FOLDING PARAMETERS

A FOLDING PARAMETERS structure element shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

Folding Finishing Process

A FOLDING SPECIFICATION specifies a Finishing Process which applies one or more folds to the document. The folds are oriented perpendicular to the Reference Edge. The heads which apply folding are positioned along the Reference Edge using the Locations value.

The folding Finishing Process changes the value of the reference-size presentation parameter. Subsequent operations which are dependent on the value of the reference-size presentation parameter may be affected.

If the FOLDING SPECIFICATION specifies a process-offset which specifies head positioning outside of the achievable range, the system shall use a default offset and a structure warning shall be generated.

OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION

The Finishing Document Production Instruction syntax allows the inclusion of additional Finishing Specifications by means of OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION structure elements. Each OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION consists of Finishing Process name and a set of parameters which specify the Finishing Process. The set of parameters depends on the Finishing Process being specified. The OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION syntax allows for the specification of Finishing Process parameters either by a NAMED FINISHING structure element or by a parameter list similar to those used for the finishing specifications defined by this International Standard.

An OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

FINISHING OP NAME

A FINISHING OP NAME structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a FINISHING OP NAME structure element shall be of type Public Object Identifier.

The value of a FINISHING OP NAME structure element shall identify an Additional Finishing Specification. There are no Public Object Identifier values for FINISHING OP NAME structure elements defined by this International Standard.

FINISHING OP PARAMETERS

A FINISHING OP PARAMETERS structure element shall be either:

NAMED FINISHING OP PARAMETERS

A NAMED FINISHING OP PARAMETERS structure element shall be a base structure element. The value of a NAMED FINISHING OP PARAMETERS structure element shall be of type Environment Identifier.

SPECIFIED FINISHING OP PARAMETERS

A SPECIFIED FINISHING OP PARAMETERS shall be a composite structure element which shall have the the following immediate subordinates:

The immediate subordinates may occur in any order.

ADDITIONAL PARAMETERS

An ADDITIONAL PARAMETERS structure element may be a base structure element or a composite structure element, depending on the value of the FINISHING OP NAME of the most immediately superior OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION.

OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION Finishing Processes

The specification of the Finishing Process specified by an OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION shall be the responsibility of the owner of the Public Object Identifier which is the value of the FINISHING OP NAME. The effect of an OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION shall be either:

The definition of the syntax of the FINISHING OP DETAILS structure element to a particular FINISHING OP NAME value, and the Finishing Process specified by the OTHER FINISHING SPECIFICATION are outside of the scope of this International Standard.